GRAMMAR

THE PASSIVE FORM

Verb tense
Passive form
Present Simple
subject + am/are/is + Past Participle
Past Simple
subject + was/were + Past Participle
Future Simple
subject + will be + Past Participle
Present Continuous
subject + am/are/is + being
+ Past Participle
Past Continuous
subject + was/were + being
+ Past Participle
Present Perfect
subject + have/has + been + Past Participle
Past Perfect
subject + had + been + Past Participle
Present Conditional
subject + would be + Past Participle
Past Conditional
subject + would have + been
+ Past Participle

The Passive Form is used when the focus is on the action and it is not important to say who does the action. It is often used when the agent of the action is unknown.

The Passive is formed with the verb be + Past Participle of the main verb. To turn an active sentence into a passive one, the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence and the subject of the active sentence becomes the agent preceded by the preposition by (if necessary).

Some verbs can have two objects; in this case, we have two different forms of the Passive Voice.

The architect sent the floor plan drawings of the house to the contractor firm via email.

1. The floor plan drawings of the house were sent to the contractor firm via email.

2. The contractor firm was sent the floor plan drawings of the house via email.

13 Complete the sentences in the passive form according to the given tense.

Present Simple
1. The drawings of utility services ....................................... in the site plan. (include)
Past Simple
2. The architectural drawings ....................................... ‘blueprints’ in the USA many years ago. (call)
Future Simple
3. All the information about the project ....................................... through a BIM. (manage)
Present Continuous
4. Accessible bathroom design ....................................... into consideration by expert architects. (take)
Past Continuous
5. The eruption of the volcano in Iceland ....................................... hour after hour by a satellite. (monitor)
Present Perfect
6. The data developed by LIDAR ....................................... to provide spatial information to geologists. (use)
Past Perfect
7. Pencils, rules and compasses ...................................... by drafters to design that 19th century mansion. (utilize)
Present Conditional
8. An animated rendering of the residential buildings ....................................... for the clients if the
architect bought a new dedicated software. (create)
Past Conditional 9. The owner of the house ....................................... if he had provided the building permit in time. (not fine)

14 Turn the sentences into the passive form.
1. The famous American architect Frank Gehry designed the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao.
2. Expert engineers, product designers and architects have established the principles of Universal Design.
3. The plumbing drawings include the network of water and gas supply pipes.
4. Prehistoric surveyors planned Stonehenge.
5. William the Conqueror commissioned the Domesday Book in 1086.
6. If a laser scanner were mounted on an aircraft, we would obtain better topographic information of the area.

Landmarks
Landmarks
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