GRAMMAR

FUTURE FORMS

Form
Use
Examples
Present Simple
Timetabled actions (trains, flights, cinemas,
libraries, offices, etc.)
➤ The offices of the RICS open at 10.00 on
Monday.
Present Continuous
Plans and arrangements
➤ Tomorrow, expert surveyors are measuring
the field to install solar panels.
To be going to
Intentions
➤ Our school is going to buy new surveying
instruments for the students.
Future predictions with evidence in the
present
➤ The drone is flying in the wrong direction.
It is going to crash!
Future Simple
(will + base form)
Predictions
➤ Drones will be the cheapest surveying
instruments in the next decade.
Decisions at the time of speaking
➤ It takes a lot of time to measure the football
pitch with a tape. I’ll use a total station.
Offers of help
➤ I’ll help you to understand the cadastral
map of the area where you live.
Promises
➤ I promise I’ll help you to find the best route
to Stonehenge on your road map.
Future Continuous
(will be + -ing form)
Action in progress at a given time in the future ➤ At 7 pm I will still be working in my office.
Future Perfect
(will have + past participle)
Action completed at a given time in the future
➤ By tomorrow evening, I will have finished
drawing the topographic map.

10 Complete the sentences with the right future tense.
1. This new aerial laser scanner ..................................... (make) a real difference in surveying large areas of land.
2. Surveyors ..................................... (deal) with a mining project before the tunnel excavation.
3. My brother ..................................... (study) Engineering at university because he would like to become a surveyor.
4. If you use the Total Station, the data of the measurements ..................................... (be) extremely precise.
5. The meeting of surveyors and architects ..................................... (take place) at 11 am at the City Hall tomorrow.
6. The hill is so covered by vegetation! We ..................................... (use) a drone to make our surveying work easier.

11 Choose the correct options.
1. Political maps will change/are going to change in the next decades.
2. The architectural survey of the ancient castle is going to last/is lasting at least ten days.
3. Be careful with the Total Station or I won’t/am not going to let you use it anymore!
4. Next Thursday, the cartographers are still going to complete /will still be completing the complex map of the coastline.
5. The surveyors will/are going to check the whole building before the restoration work.
6. By next month, the photogrammetrists will finish/will have finished registering the images with real-world coordinates to prepare a large set of orthophotos of the region.

Landmarks
Landmarks
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