THE CADASTRE

■ What is cadastral surveying?

Cadastral surveying is the discipline of land surveying that relates to the laws of land ownership and the definition of property boundaries. Land is often referred to as ‘real property’, meaning property that is fixed and permanent – as distinct from ‘personal property’, which means property that is not fixed and can be moved. It is a vital tool used by professionals involved in land-related big business.

■ Main purposes of Cadastre

A Cadastre is an official register showing details of ownership, boundaries and the value of real property in a district, made for taxation purposes.

A cadastral map displays how boundaries subdivide land into units of ownership called “parcels”. The Cadastre is used as the base for:

• land valuation and taxation

• land registration and land changes

• land use planning

• sustainable development and environmental protection

• mapping

• electoral boundary determination and general land-based administrative purposes.

■ Modern Cadastre

Digital Cadastral Data Bases provide spatial views of land parcels. Although based on paper plans and maps, DCDB information has been digitised to deliver maps that show digital coordinates of land parcels, as well as a great deal of supplementary information related to the land.

■ A bit of history

Under the Romans, the “land surveyor” became a profession* . Land surveyors established the basic measurements under which the Roman Empire was divided and a tax register of conquered lands was set up around 300 AD. In England, the Domesday Book, conceived by William the Conqueror* in 1086, contained names of land owners, the size and use of the land and its value. It is the most detailed documentation of property compiled in Europe during the Middle Ages.

A Continental Europe’s Cadastre was created by Napoleon in 1808. It contained numbers of the plots of land, land usage, landlords’ names and value of the land.

4 Complete the sentences.
1. Cadastral surveying deals with ............................................
2. ‘Real property’ is ..........................................., while ‘Personal Property’ ............................................
3. A cadastre is an official register showing details of ................................................................................................................................... .
4. A cadastral map displays how boundaries subdivide ............................................
5. The Cadastre is the base of ........................................... and ..........................................., ..........................................., land use planning, ........................................... and mapping.
6. The Cadastre includes data for the electoral ................................................................................................................................... .
7. The DCDB contains digital coordinates of ................................................................................................................................... .
8. Under the Romans, land surveyors established ........................................... under which the Roman Empire was divided and ........................................... was set up around 300 AD.
9. The Domesday Book, conceived by William the Conqueror in ..........................................., contained names of land owners, ........................................... and its value.
10. A Continental Europe’s Cadastre, created by Napoleon in 1808. It contained numbers of the plots of land, ..........................................., landlords’ names and ............................................

5 Find the synonyms of the following words in the reading passage on the previous page.
1. rules .........................................................................
2. estate .........................................................................
3. trade .........................................................................
4. area .........................................................................
5. job .........................................................................
5. inventory .........................................................................
6. long-lasting .........................................................................
6 Listen and fill in the text with the words from the box. Be careful, there are two extra words.

boundaries • buildings • established • evolution • parcels • planning • properties • regulations • survey • systems • topography • use


The Italian Cadastre

The Italian cadastre was implemented through two distinct 1. ...........................................: the first – called Catasto Terreni (Land Cadastre) – including the list of all rural 2. ........................................... and unbuilt land plots, the second – called Catasto Edlizio Urbano (Urban Building Cadastre) including 3. ........................................... for civil, industrial and commercial 4. ............................................ The Land Cadastre was established in 1886 and completed in 1956. It is geometrically configured in 5. ........................................... and contains information about 6. ..........................................., shapes and incomes of the ‘cadastral parcel’. The Urban Building Cadastre was 7. ........................................... in 1939, subsequently amended in 1949, becoming definitive in 1962 with homogeneous 8. ........................................... in the Italian State. The Catasto dei Fabbricati (Cadastre of Buildings), passed in 1994, is an 9. ........................................... of the Urban Building Cadastre; it concerns all the buildings, both urban and rural. The main objectives of cadastre are to 10. ........................................... and register real properties, track their changes and prepare the ground for an impartial taxation. 

Adapted from: https://www.agenziaentrate. gov.it/portale/documents/180690/1185444/ the+italian+cadastral+system+2018

THE DOMESDAY BOOK
The Domesday Book is one of Medieval England’s greatest treasures. Its first draft was completed in August 1086 and contained records for 13,418 settlements in England and part of Wales. The original Domesday Book is currently housed at the National Archives in London.

Landmarks
Landmarks
Libro digitale in formato "liquido"