Student's Book

ENVIRONMENT & TECHNOLOGY Artificial Intelligence and Humanoids WARM-UP SPEAKING Cosa immagini se pensi all Intelligenza Artificiale? Hai mai visto film o letto libri su questo tema? Parlane con i tuoi compagni. 46 What is artificial intelligence (AI)? AI is a branch of computer science whose purpose is to replicate human intelligence in machines so that they can mimic human behaviour . AI develops computers to perform tasks that generally require human intelligence, such as learning, speech recognition, visual perception, etc., in short, it tries to make computers smart . Types of AI Artificial Intelligence is categorised according to its ability to mimic human characteristics. There are three types of AI: Artificial Narrow Intelligence, or ANI, has a limited range of abilities. It is designed to perform singular tasks such as face recognition or voice assistance; GLOSSARY to achieve: raggiungere to apply: applicare armour: armatura behaviour: comportamento branch: branca to gain: guadagnare to mimic: mimare narrow: stretto prosthesis: protesi so far: per il momento speech: discorso 92 Artificial General Intelligence, or AGI, is capable of learning and applying its knowledge to solve problems. It is capable of thinking, understanding, and acting in a way that is identical to humans, but it has not been completely achieved yet because researchers need to program all possible cognitive abilities into the machine; Artificial Super Intelligence or ASI, is more intelligent than humans in areas like maths, sports, science, medicine, art and emotional relationships (yes, the ability of having impulses and emotions, too), but, so far , it is only a concept. Humanoids Humanoid robots are one of the most popular forms of AI. They are structurally similar to human beings, having a head, a torso, arms and legs. One of the earliest forms of humanoids was created in 1495 by Leonardo Da Vinci. It was a suit of armour that could perform a lot of human functions like sitting, standing and walking. It was designed on the basis of the knowledge of mechanics and kinetics they had at that time. Initially, the major purpose of humanoids was for research, for example to help create better prostheses , now, however, humanoids are created for various other purposes and can be personal assistants, receptionists, front desk officers and so on. 1 VOCABULARY Traduci i termini dati. 1. Branch: ............................................................................................................................. 2. Task: .................................................................................................................................... 3. Perception: .................................................................................................................. 4. Recognition: .............................................................................................................. 5. Gesture: .......................................................................................................................... 6. Purpose: .........................................................................................................................

Student's Book
Student's Book
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